Alun-Alun @ Yamazato Grand Indonesia
Level 3, West Mall: for upscale products Including Indonesian designer's clothing and apparel.
Gedung Kesenian Jakarta, The
The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta in Jakarta stands in all its majesty and glory right at the heart of the capital city. This impressive Jakarta Art Building is an example of aesthetic and structural beauty. Skillfully renovated in 1987, the present art venue with its specific Empire style brings back memories of the 19th c patterns which were in vogue in Batavia (the old name of Jakarta) at that time.
History of The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta in Jakarta
The creation of this art venue dates back to the British colonial period. Sir Thomas Raffles who was renowned of his passion in the study and preservation of local culture, took the initiation for its establishment. A simple bamboo theater was built in Weltevreden and was named 'Military Theater Venue'.
In 1821, supported by the Dutch colonial government, this bamboo theater was replaced by a permanent art building with a size of 144 by 60 feet. It was called Schouwburg Weltevreden. After change of several names, Gedung Kesenian Jakarta became the standard official name since 1987. Back at that time, the lighting inside the building was done by using candles and kerosene lamps. Gas light came in 1864. The electricity was first used in 1882 inside the building, but a gas light was still there outside the building and it was still functioning up to 1910.
Features of The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta in Jakarta
- The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta is a platform that gives opportunity of participation to any form of arts like dance, music and theaters.- Various performances of art – local, international, traditional, modern are staged here, professionally managed by a solid team of various experts.
- The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta believes in the dulce et utile way of art acknowledging the aesthetical as well as the show biz value of art.
- The interior of the art venue is designed in such a way to meet high requirements, artistically as well as technically to stage refined qualities of various arts.
- The main building consists of an enormous front antique style open hall, the auditorium with 370 seats, stage, foyers, lobby and 'loge' which is basically an empty place in the right and left side of the spectators, where, in case of necessity, five seats could be installed.
- There is a beautiful balcony on the upper floor with 75 seats.- On the same floor, there are sound system control room, lighting and projector-documentation room.
- The rear stage has make up and waiting rooms for artists and a decoration room. The right wing of the building contains a special passage for disabled using wheel chairs.
- The Management Board occupies a small office at a small building on the right wing of the main building.
- Show programs usually start after the evening.- The strict disciplinary requirements are part of the attempt to preserve the high value of the art performance to ensure a positive appreciation of the spectators themselves.
- Both the artists and the audience who are true connoisseurs of art are all praises for the way The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta is preserving its beauty and historical properties.
How to Reach The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta in Jakarta
The Gedung Kesenian Jakarta is located at Jalan Street in the famous sub-district of Pasar Baru
, down town of Jakarta. It lies next to the old antique building of the Post-Office.
National Monument (MONAS)
The entrance to the monument is located at the Medan Merdeka Utara
or Northern Merdeka Park, through the underground tunnel visitors will reach the northern side of the monument. The ticket office is located at the end of the tunnel. When visitors resurface in northern side of the monument, visitors could took a round trip outside the monument to see reliefs of Indonesian history; continued to National History Museum
at the base on northeastern corner, or continued straight to the centre of the monument towards Hall of Independence
Reliefs of Indonesian History
On the outer yard encircling the monument, on each four corners, there are high reliefs of Indonesian History (depicting Gajah Mada and Majapahit history). The story begins in the northeastern corner, and describes the ancient glory of the Indonesian archipelago, featuring ancient history especially that of Singhasari and Majapahit. The relief continues to the southeast, southwest, and northwest corners, chronologically displaying European colonialisation of the Indonesian archipelago, popular local uprisings, modern Indonesian organization in the early 20th century, the Japanese occupation in World War II, the Proclamation of Independence, the Indonesian National Revolution and post-independence develelopments
. The reliefs and statues were made from molded cement, but several of these statues are already damaged and have decayed due to torrential rain and the tropical climate.
The National History Museum
Inside the base of the monument there is the Indonesian National History Museum, located three metres below the surface of the monument. It is a large marble-lined room measuring 80 x 80 meters with 48 dioramas along the walls side depicting scenes from the Indonesian history from prehistory until the New Order, plus 3 other dioramas in the center of the room, making a total of 51 dioramas
. The dioramas begin at the northeast corner, and show the history of Indonesia; from prehistory, the era of ancient kingdoms such as Srivijaya and Majapahit, followed by European colonialisation and local uprisings against the VOC and Dutch East Indies rule
. The dioramas continue well into the 20th century, Japanese occupation, Indonesian independence proclamation in 1945, to the struggle for independence of Indonesian revolution, and on to the New Order era of Suharto's regime.
The Hall of Independence
Inside the goblet or "cup" part of the monument, there is the Hall of Independence (Indonesian: Ruang Kemerdekaan). The hall is accessible through spiral stairs at the north and south doors. It contains symbols of Indonesian independence and nationhood, including the original text of the Proclamation of Independence in a glass case, the coat of arms of Indonesia, and a map of the Indonesian archipelago in gold. The original text of Indonesian proclamation of independence is stored in a glass case inside the golden door on the west side of inner-wall clad in black marble. The mechanized bronze doors weigh 4 tons, and are coated with gold adorned with the image of awijaya kusuma flower, symbolizing eternity, and a lotus flower, symbolizing purity. The doors known as Gerbang Kemerdekaan or the Gate of Independence
and are opened slowly using a mechanism while the nationalist Padamu Negeri song plays, followed by a recording of Sukarno reading the text of the Proclamation. On southern side wall there is a large statue of Garuda Pancasila, the coat of arms of Indonesia, made from 3.5 tons of bronze coated with gold
. On eastern side there is the text of the proclamation in bronze lettering. Originally the eastern side displayed the most sacred Indonesian flag, Sang Saka Merah Putih, originally raised on 17 August 1945. However because it is fragile and in poor condition, it is no longer displayed. The northern side wall displays a map of the Indonesian archipelago coated in gold.
The Peak Platform Observation deck and Flame of Independence
A lift on the southern side carries visitors to the 11 meter by 11 meter viewing platform, at a height of 115 meters. The capacity of the elevator is about 11 people. The top platform can accommodate about 50 people, and also provided with binoculars. There is also a staircase for use in emergencies. The total height of the monument is 132 meters. The distance from the viewing platform to the tip of the flame is 17 meters. The ticket to top platform is Rp.7,500 for adult at beginning of January 2011.
The monument is topped by a 14.5 ton bronze Flame of Independence containing the lift engine. The base of the flame where the elevator door is located is 3 meters high and is in the shape of a goblet. The bronze flame structure measures 14 meters in height and 6 meters in diameter, It consists of 77 sections bound together. Originally the bronze flame structure was covered with 35 kg of gold foil, however during the 50th anniversary of Indonesian independence in 1995, the gold foil was recoated and increased to 50 kg gold foil. The obelisk and flame symbolize the Indonesia people's struggle for independence. The middle platform on top of the cawan (goblet) provides visitor with views of the surroundings from a height of 17 meters. The goblet yard is accessible through elevator on the way down or through the stairs.
The historic core of old Jakarta is known today as 'Kota'. Some of Jakarta's most impressive historic buildings are to be found here. Taman Fatahillah
(Fatahillah Square) is the centre of the old city. The early eighteenth century Batavia Town Hall
is here. It was restored by UNESCO in 1972 and may well be the city's most important historic edifice. One street across is the Great Canal
with Dutch-era townhouses and offices. The architecture is impressive but in a terrible state of decay and neglect. A rejuvenation has long been promised by the city's government but it has so far taken them almost a year to re-pave the main square.
You can start the tour at Museum Bank Mandiri
just opposite the bus station and facing Jakarta Kota train station. It showcases everything related to the biggest government owned bank. Just beside it is Museum Bank Indonesia which has been beautifully restored and re-opened as the Money Museum
. Trace your step towards the pedestrian walkway until you find Fatahillah Square on your right. On the left is Puppet Museum
and on the right, facing the square is the infamous Jakarta History Museum
(the former City Hall). Opposite the street from Jakarta History Museum is the Arts and Ceramic Museum
. You can even try the ceramic workshop inside.
For visitors who prefer to unwind, just opposite Jakarta History Museum is Cafe Batavia which serves Indonesian and European food in the colonial atmosphere. End your day by walking towards the Kota Train Station. Architecture admirer may step inside and look in detail the art-deco train station which serves train trip to several points in Jakarta as well as the western suburb of Tangerang.
The country’s unofficial national mall has a dozen other outlets throughout the country. The shop at Jakarta is the nation's first air-con shopping mall. Here, you will find all the clothing, cosmetics, jewelry, house wares, artwork and souvenirs
. A must visit is to level 4 where you can find batik creations and level 5 which specializes in Indonesian artwork and souvenirs